Garden

Fir - Picea abies

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Abies picea

The abies picea, or spruce, is a conifer widespread particularly in northern and central Europe. Compared to other types of fir, this genus has single needles, never grouped; these trees can last up to 500 years and reach 50 meters in height and are present massively in the Alps.

It has a reddish and very scaly bark; the thick bark allows the abies picea trees to withstand low temperatures and their pyramidal shape allows the snow to slide more easily.

It is the typical Christmas tree, used to decorate houses during the Christmas period.

It is a resistant and rustic tree and usually does not require special care, being satisfied with the water it receives with the rains and resisting the cold temperatures without problems.


How to choose the Christmas tree

First measure your home ceiling height carefully. Do not forget to consider the height of the tip to decorate the tree and the base in which to place it. These tips can be very helpful in saving money if the tree is sold by height. Measure the tree you intend to buy. Don't forget to do it and don't trust your eye too much: the trees outdoors look much smaller than indoors. An adequate size of the tree will avoid you having to cut and shorten branches once at home (the fresh cuts of the branches create edges that can ruin the walls, clothes, etc.). When it comes to buying a tree, almost everyone is looking for the "perfect tree". Remember, however, that a tree missing on one or two sides may better adapt to being placed near a wall or in a corner and this will not make it necessary to cut the branches. Usually each tree tends to have a less rich part of branches in the part grown to the north. The freshest tree you can buy is the one you see gathering at the moment. However, this is unlikely to happen in practice. So you prefer trees that come from nurseries near the point of purchase. Don't hesitate to ask your shopkeeper where the tree comes from. All conifers tend to lose needles on the inside of the branches and this should not make you think that the tree is already old. In any case, to avoid dirtying the machine and the house, ask your dealer or arrange to shake the tree yourself so that the dry needles fall. Do you prefer a dealer who can carefully tie your tree before taking it home. This will allow you to transport it more easily by car and to maneuver it easily through stairs, doors, etc. once you get home. One last tip: before buying the tree, always check that there is a stamp that certifies the origin of the plant from authorized nurseries.

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