Native to central and southern Europe and northern Africa, the genus includes 45 species of shrubs and small evergreen or deciduous trees used to form hedges.
Spontaneous in Italy, it is an evergreen shrub from two to five meters high, often cultivated as a hedge. Privet is a genus of small shrubs or trees in the oleaceae family. They originate mainly from Asia, but also from Europe, North Africa and Australia. The leaves can be deciduous, semi-evergreen or evergreen depending on the species. They are used very commonly to create formal hedges. Across Europe the privet common (vulgar) that is indigenous. The name derives from the Latin ligare: it refers to the possibility of using its flexible branches for tying in various agricultural works. Generally in the gardens the genus lucidum and japonicum can be found more commonly. Very interesting varieties of the lucidum are the excelsum superbum (whose leaves have a cream colored variegated margin) and the tricolor (the young leaves have a delicate pink).
The leaves of the privet they are opposite, simple, ovate, lanceolate, hairless and shiny. These are very leathery and persistent leaves in most varieties of this plant.