Lemons in the garden
The citrus limon is a fruit tree, which has been cultivated in Europe for centuries; originating in India and Asia; although it has always been considered a species in its own right, citrus limon is an ancient natural hybrid, probably born from the crossing of cedar with another species of citrus.
Lemons produce two blooms per year, in spring and late summer, followed by two fruitings; the flowers are white and delicately scented, the fruits are yellow, oval, with a thin and very aromatic peel and juicy pulp, more or less sour depending on the variety.
The fruits, produced after the blooms, can remain on the tree even a couple of months after the complete ripening, without losing any of their qualities; for this reason it is possible that on one plant ripe fruits, green fruits, fruit and flowers coexist. For family consumption, in fact, the fruits are picked when they are needed, without detaching them from the plant prematurely.
Actually one of the merits of citrus limon It is also the fact that these fruits can safely ripen even after being detached from the tree, therefore they are commercially taken from the plant when they reach the dimensions suitable for sale.
Citrus limon cultivation
In Italy, lemons have been cultivated for centuries, because the Mediterranean climate is particularly suitable for the production of citrus fruits; the areas in which it is most easily cultivated are located in the south, where early or late frosts or cold winds can hardly compromise the harvest. In reality these plants can survive without problems in most of the peninsula, except in the northern areas, where the winter climate is excessively harsh. In fact, lemons can also withstand frosts, but only if they are light in size and short in duration: very intense frost can lead to complete loss of foliage, and sometimes even to the drying out of the outermost branches. The plants severely affected by the frost hardly succumb, however they tend to take even a couple of years to recover and begin to bloom and produce fruit.
So let's grow our citrus limon in a sunny place, sheltered from the wind; if we live in northern Italy let's keep it in a pot, so that we can hospitalize it in a cold greenhouse during the winter, to avoid that the cold "burns" the foliage and the first spring flowers.