The orchard in February
With February we move towards the end of winter: the days begin to lengthen and the temperatures, especially the daytime ones, are no longer so extreme. However, one should not be too optimistic: it is precisely in this period that there are often the most abundant snowfalls. Furthermore, the trees can be induced to vegetate from the heat and from early pruning and then be damaged by sudden frosts. We must therefore act with caution, evaluating our microclimate and paying particular attention to weather forecasts.
Pruning and grafting
Before starting, we must carefully evaluate our climate. Usually, in the southern and coastal regions, these operations can be undertaken already in the first decade; in colder areas it is advisable to wait for the second or third or to postpone to early April (especially on the hills). Wherever it is essential to choose hot and dry days, a few days after the last rain.
We can work on most essences, in particular on those that will bear fruit between spring and autumn: pome fruit, stone fruit and small fruits. Remember to carefully remove all parts affected by pathogens (burning them if possible).
It is also a good time for the grafts, especially in the triangle and splits and we check the interventions made in the previous summer and autumn.