Care of the orchard in January
January is by far the coldest month of the year. In the North and inland areas the night cold is very intense and it is not uncommon for it to remain below freezing even during the day. In the southern regions and on the coasts, despite the milder climate, the operations that can be carried out outdoors are still few.
We can take advantage of it to rest, deepen our knowledge by reading books and consulting catalogs of cultivars, in anticipation of future renewals in our plot.
Let's not forget also the reorganization of the equipment, the control of the stored goods and the monitoring of the orchard in case of heavy snow.
In a large part of the peninsula, January is not the right month for this practice: temperatures are too rigid and could damage young seedlings. Furthermore, it is not uncommon for the soil to be frozen, even in depth, a condition that makes it difficult to work, thus damaging the root system.
This operation can instead be considered in very mild climate areas. To obtain good results, make sure that the soil is only slightly damp; excessive humidity can cause the formation of air bubbles, harmful for engraftment. We work on lukewarm days, immediately after midday, and in sunny locations. Good results are obtained only with plants of moderate size and with a well-formed trunk.